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    • Pfizer follows Moderna’s suit in releasing Covid-19 vaccine study protocol

    Shortly after one of the leading companies developing a vaccine against the virus that causes Covid-19 took the unusual step of releasing its Phase III clinical trial protocol online, another drugmaker with a vaccine development program already in the late stages has done the same.

    New York-based Pfizer publicly released the 137-page protocol of its Phase I/II/III trial of the BNT162 vaccine program, which the company is developing under a partnership with Mainz, Germany-based BioNTech. The move closely follows a decision by Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Moderna to release its protocol for the Phase III trial of mRNA-1273.

    A protocol is essentially the blueprint for a clinical trial and contains granular details on things like patient selection, statistical analysis and measurement of outcomes and adverse events. Drugmakers typically keep them closely under wraps until a study has been completed.

    However, Moderna released its 135-page protocol Thursday as part of its R&D day as a way of demonstrating transparency in its study. The company also provided an update on the enrollment of the study, stating that as of Wednesday, it had enrolled about 84% of the 30,000 participants it is slated to recruit, while one-third of those participants – all healthy volunteers – have received both the primary and booster shots of the vaccine. The vaccine is administered in two doses, including one given 29 days after the first shot.

    In a note to investors Thursday, Morgan Stanley analyst pointed to a number of highlights in the Moderna protocol that he thought would help address some frequent questions from investors. These included the study population used for primary efficacy analysis, who must have no known history of infection with SARS-CoV-2; and the fact that randomization is stratified by age and health risk with three identified health strata, namely those aged 65 or older, those younger than 65 but with increased risk of Covid-19 complications, and those under 65 who are not at risk, with at least 25% of those enrolled – but not more than 40% – having to be in the elderly or high-risk stratum. The methods for estimating efficacy – hazard ratio using a Cox porportional hazard regression model and cases being counted starting 14 days after the second dose – also differ from the bank’s analysis based on relative risk, he noted.: https://medcitynews.com/2020/09/pfiz...tudy-protocol/
    • Coronavirus Cases: 30,590,746

    Deaths: 953,866

    Underreported US death count: 202,725

    US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

    World War I - 116,516
    Vietnam War - 58,209
    American Revolutionary War – 8,000
    Iraq War - 4,576
    War in Afghanistan - 2,216
    911 Casualties – 2,977

    Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

    Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
    it's been blown way out of proportion.
    Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

    Comment


    • Forgot this graph my last post.


      • Coronavirus Cases: 30,652,203

      Deaths: 955,187

      Underreported US death count: 203,073

      US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

      World War I - 116,516
      Vietnam War - 58,209
      American Revolutionary War – 8,000
      Iraq War - 4,576
      War in Afghanistan - 2,216
      911 Casualties – 2,977

      Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

      Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
      it's been blown way out of proportion.

      Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

      Comment


      • Parliament passes budget bill at final reading

        The House of Representatives on Friday passed a 3.29 trillion baht budget bill for the 2021 fiscal year starting in October, aimed at reviving an economy battered by the global impact of the coronavirus pandemic.

        The budget planners have assumed Southeast Asia's second-largest economy will shrink 5-6% this year before growing 4-5% in 2021. The finance ministry predicts a record economic contraction of 8.5% this year.

        After a three-day debate, the bill's final reading passed with 269 votes in favour, 60 against and 121 abstentions.

        "The government will use the budget to drive the economy and urgent policies for the country's sustainable growth," Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha told the House of Representatives.

        The proposed budget foresees revised spending of 3.29 trillion baht for the fiscal year starting on Oct 1, up 2.8% from the current fiscal year. It projects a deficit of 623 billion baht, up 32.8%.

        The bill will also need senate approval, expected on Tuesday, and then His Majesty the King's royal endorsement.

        Earlier this week, the government said the 2021 budget could be delayed by a month but that should not affect spending plans.: https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand...-final-reading

        Originally posted by Somchai Boonporn View Post
        Perhaps a blessing in disguise for the Golden Land.


        Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

        Comment


          • Coronavirus can spread on airline flights, two studies show

          The young woman and her sister had traveled across Europe just as the coronavirus pandemic was taking off there, visiting Milan and Paris before heading to London.

          When the woman left London on March 1, she had a sore throat and cough as she boarded a flight home to Vietnam, but no one noticed.

          By the time she got off the flight in Hanoi 10 hours later, 15 other people who had been on the plane with her were infected, researchers reported Friday.

          This story is one of two published Friday demonstrating how coronavirus can spread on airline flights, and suggesting that simply spacing people out a little will not fully protect them.

          In another incident, passengers on a flight from Boston to Hong Kong appear to have infected two flight attendants.

          Both cases involved long flights early in the pandemic, before airlines began requiring face masks.

          A team from Vietnam tracked down a cluster of cases linked to the flight that arrived in Hanoi from London on March 2.

          "A 27-year-old businesswoman from Vietnam, whom we identified as the probable index case, had been based in London since early February," Nguyen Cong Khanh of the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology in Hanoi and colleagues wrote.

          "On February 22, case 1 and her sister returned to Milan, Italy, and subsequently traveled to Paris, France, for the yearly Fashion Week before returning back to London on February 25," they wrote in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.
          At this time, coronavirus was starting to spread fast in Italy but very few cases had been reported in Britain.

          The woman boarded a flight to Hanoi on March 1.

          "She was seated in business class and continued to experience the sore throat and cough throughout the flight," the researchers added.

          She went to a hospital three days after landing and tested positive for the virus. Health officials tracked down 217 passengers and crew who had been on the flight with her and found 12 fellow business class passengers, two economy class passengers and one crew member were also infected.

          The investigators said there was no other likely way any of the 15 others could have been infected other than exposure to the sick patient on the flight.

          "The most likely route of transmission during the flight is aerosol or droplet transmission from case 1, particularly for persons seated in business class," they wrote.

          "We conclude that the risk for on-board transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during long flights is real and has the potential to cause COVID-19 clusters of substantial size, even in business class--like settings with spacious seating arrangements well beyond the established distance used to define close contact on airplanes," Khanh's team wrote.

          "As long as COVID-19 presents a global pandemic threat in the absence of a good point-of-care test, better on-board infection prevention measures and arrival screening procedures are needed to make flying safe."

          In the second incident, a couple flew from Boston to Hong Kong in business class on March 9. They both exhibited symptoms after they arrived and were diagnosed with coronavirus.

          Contact tracing found two flight attendants were also positive for the virus. "The only location where all four persons were in close proximity for an extended period was inside the airplane," Deborah Watson-Jones of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and colleagues wrote in a second report in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases journal.

          "Genetic sequencing linked all four cases. The near full-length viral genomes from all four patients were 100% identical," Watson-Jones and colleagues wrote.:
          https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/18/healt...ies/index.html
          • Coronavirus Cases: 30,827,305

          Deaths: 958,514

          Underreported US death count: 203,455

          US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

          World War I - 116,516
          Vietnam War - 58,209
          American Revolutionary War – 8,000
          Iraq War - 4,576
          War in Afghanistan - 2,216
          911 Casualties – 2,977

          Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

          Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
          it's been blown way out of proportion.

          Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

          Comment


          • U.S. Will Soon Surpass 200,000 Deaths From Covid-19

            This weekend, the U.S. will surpass 200,000 deaths from Covid-19. Lester Holt reflects on the lives lost and how our understanding of the coronavirus has evolved.

            https://shrinke.me/UKOpgz

            Comment


            • Coronavirus Cases: 30,991,498

              Deaths: 961,461

              Underreported US death count: 203,824

              US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

              World War I - 116,516
              Vietnam War - 58,209
              American Revolutionary War – 8,000
              Iraq War - 4,576
              War in Afghanistan - 2,216
              911 Casualties – 2,977

              Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

              Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
              it's been blown way out of proportion.

              Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

              Comment


              • The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I was about 40 million: estimates range from around 15 to 22 million deaths[1] and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.
                116,516 dead seppos

                Vietnam war casualties
                Total deaths: 1,353,000
                58,290 dead seppos

                Iraq war casualties
                109,032 deaths including 66,081 civilian deaths.
                4,576 dead seppos.

                Afghanistan War Casualties
                Est. 200,000~
                2,216 dead seppos
                Dont get sick of me just yet, for I will be here for quite a while

                Comment



                  • Pregnant women with Covid-19 may be at increased risk of preterm delivery, CDC study suggests

                  Pregnant women with Covid-19 who are hospitalized may be at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely, a new study from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests.

                  Data showed that 12.6% of live births among hospitalized women with Covid-19 in the study were preterm compared with 10% of births that were observed in the general US population in 2018.

                  "In this study, preterm births occurred approximately three times more frequently in symptomatic pregnant women than in those who were asymptomatic," the CDC researchers wrote in the study.

                  The study, published on Wednesday, included data on 598 hospitalized pregnant women with Covid-19 in 13 states across the US between March 1 and August 22. More than half of the women, 54.5%, were asymptomatic when they were admitted to the hospital, the data showed.

                  Among the women who were showing symptoms, 16.2% ended up in the intensive care unit, 8.5% required invasive mechanical ventilation and two women, or 0.7%, died. No asymptomatic women needed intensive care, required mechanical ventilation or died, the study noted.

                  Pregnancy losses occurred for 2% of all pregnancies that were completed while in the hospital and were experienced by both symptomatic and asymptomatic women, the data showed.

                  Among the pregnancies that resulted in live births, preterm delivery was reported for 23.1% of symptomatic women compared with 8% of asymptomatic women, the data showed. Among the live births, two newborns died while in the hospital -- both were born to symptomatic women who required invasive mechanical ventilation.

                  The study had some limitations, including that the data were only on pregnant women who were hospitalized and the reason for being hospitalized was unavailable for nearly half of the women in the data -- which limits the ability to distinguish between who was hospitalized for pregnancy reasons versus reasons related to Covid-19.

                  "Pregnant women and health care providers should be aware of potential risks for severe COVID-19, including adverse pregnancy outcomes," the researchers wrote.

                  A paper published earlier this month in the BMJ medical journal found pregnant women with Covid-19 were at increased risk of delivering preterm, but preterm birth rates were not high.

                  "While overall risks to pregnant women from coronavirus are low, the findings of this study highlight the particular risks to pregnant women," Dr. Edward Morris, president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, said in a statement at the time. "Pregnant women are included in the list of people at moderate risk as a precaution and pregnant women should therefore continue to follow the latest government guidance on social distancing and avoiding anyone with symptoms suggestive of coronavirus.": https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/18/healt...udy/index.html
                  • Coronavirus Cases: 31,163,873

                  Deaths: 963,984

                  Underreported US death count: 204,015

                  US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

                  World War I - 116,516
                  Vietnam War - 58,209
                  American Revolutionary War – 8,000
                  Iraq War - 4,576
                  War in Afghanistan - 2,216
                  911 Casualties – 2,977

                  Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

                  Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
                  it's been blown way out of proportion.

                  Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                  Comment


                  • Coronavirus Cases: 31,216,600

                    Deaths: 964,720

                    Underreported US death count: 204,110

                    US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

                    World War I - 116,516
                    Vietnam War - 58,209
                    American Revolutionary War – 8,000
                    Iraq War - 4,576
                    War in Afghanistan - 2,216
                    911 Casualties – 2,977

                    Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

                    Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
                    it's been blown way out of proportion.

                    Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                    Comment


                      • The Core Lesson of the COVID-19 Heart Debate

                      The new coronavirus seems so strange because it has our full attention in a way most viruses don’t.

                      Last Monday, when I called the cardiologist Amy Kontorovich in the late morning, she apologized for sounding tired. “I’ve been in my lab infecting heart cells with SARS-CoV-2 since 6 a.m. this morning,” she said.

                      That might seem like an odd experiment for a virus that spreads through the air, and primarily infects the lungs and airways. But SARS-CoV-2, the new coronavirus behind the COVID-19 pandemic, can also damage the heart. That much was clear in the early months of the pandemic, when some COVID-19 patients would be hospitalized with respiratory problems and die from heart failure. “Cardiologists have been thinking about this since March,” said Kontorovich, who is based at Mount Sinai. “Data have been trickling in.”

                      Autopsies have found traces of the coronavirus’s genetic material in the heart, and actual viral particles within the heart’s muscle cells. Experiments have found that SARS-CoV-2 can destroy lab-grown versions of those cells. Several studies have now shown that roughly 10 to 30 percent of hospitalized COVID-19 patients had high levels of troponin—a protein released into the blood when the heart’s muscle cells are damaged. Such patients are more likely to die than others with no signs of heart injury.

                      This is worrying for people with severe symptoms, but more recently, a few studies suggested that COVID-19 can cause heart inflammation, or myocarditis, even in people who showed mild symptoms, or had recovered. These results were controversial but concerning. Myocarditis is frequently caused by viruses, and resolves on its own in many cases. But it can progress to more severe heart problems, and is one of the leading causes of sudden death in young adults. These studies contributed to decisions by two college football conferences—the Big Ten and the Pac-12—to cancel their fall season. (The Big Ten has since reversed its call, and the Pac-12 is considering doing the same)

                      These developments have only added to COVID-19’s mystique. News stories and scientific articles have spun a narrative about a bizarre virus that behaves like no other, and a supposedly respiratory illness that should perhaps be reconsidered as a vascular disease. But several cardiologists and virologists I’ve talked with say such claims are overblown. COVID-19 is a severe disease that should be taken seriously, but it’s not all that strange. It seems that way in part because it is new and extremely widespread, and so commands our full attention in the way that most viral illnesses don’t. Hundreds of researchers are studying it. Millions of people have been infected by it. And every study, every news story, and every unusual detail quickens the pulse.

                      From a virus’s point of view, the heart is both an easy target and a terrible one. It is easy to reach and invade because it collects blood from all over the body and, unlike the brain, has no protective barrier. But infecting the heart also risks killing the host without triggering symptoms that would allow a virus to easily spread—coughing, sneezing, diarrhea, or vomiting. For that reason, viruses that affect only the heart “do not exist,” says Efraín Rivera-Serrano, a virologist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

                      But viruses can incidentally affect the heart. They do so often enough that in the Western world, they are the most common cause of myocarditis. At least 20 known viruses can trigger this condition, including those that cause influenza, Zika, dengue, and measles.

                      The list also includes the original SARS virus: One Toronto-based study found its genetic material in seven of 20 autopsied hearts. These hearts also had myocarditis. By contrast, autopsied hearts with traces of the new coronavirus typically don’t (with some exceptions). The virus was there, but whether it was actually doing anything is unclear.

                      But a virus doesn’t need to be in the heart to wreak havoc. It can cause indirect damage by attacking the lungs and starving the heart of oxygen, or by triggering an inflammatory immune response that affects the entire body. Even viruses that primarily affect the gut (like enteroviruses) or the respiratory system (like adenoviruses) can cause myocarditis in this way, when molecules produced at the site of infection travel through the bloodstream and inflame the heart. Coxsackie B, for example, is the most widely studied cause of viral myocarditis, but is primarily a gut virus that spreads through fecal contamination; it can infect the heart, but it does much of its damage via the immune system.

                      “To say a virus is cardiac or vascular or respiratory simplifies things too much,” says Paul Checchia, a cardiologist at Texas Children’s Hospital. “Anytime a pathogen invades the body, the whole body reacts.” SARS-CoV-2 is no exception. The immune system’s response to this coronavirus can be slow to kick off, but then prolonged and severe. These immune overreactions are similar in kind to those triggered by other respiratory viruses, like influenza, but greater in degree. The heart could potentially be caught in this stronger crossfire.

                      But how often does that happen? In the early months of the pandemic, it seemed clear that the risk of heart injuries was “directly proportional to the severity of the illness,” says Neel Chokshi, a sports cardiologist at the University of Pennsylvania. But in July, a team led by Valentina Puntmann at University Hospital Frankfurt, in Germany, complicated that picture. The researchers showed that 78 percent of people who had recovered from COVID-19 (including many who had never been hospitalized) still had some kind of heart abnormality that was detectable on MRI scans two months later. About 60 percent still had signs of myocarditis.

                      The study was explosive. It spawned a wave of articles and papers about the possibility that COVID-19 could inflict stealthy and prolonged harm upon the hearts of people who aren’t outwardly sick, and reportedly influenced decisions about whether college athletes should be allowed to play. These intense discussions sparked intense criticism. Other scientists slammed the study for several errors, including data that were missing, reported incorrectly, or analyzed with the wrong statistical tests. The Frankfurt team corrected its paper, and says the main conclusions still stand.

                      “I think the data are good,” says Tiffany Chen of Penn Medicine, who specializes in cardiac imaging and was not involved in the study. “These were relatively healthy, mild cases of COVID-19, and they had a lot of abnormalities. It’s unsettling.” But the clinical implications of these findings—what they mean for COVID-19 patients whose symptoms have abated, but whose MRI scans are abnormal—aren’t yet understood, she says.

                      Viral myocarditis isn’t always a problem. It’s entirely possible that you have had the condition at some point in your life without ever realizing it. Some people recover but have persistent scarring that weakens their heart and increases the risk of problems years down the line. And in a third group, the inflammation rapidly worsens, leading to faulty heartbeats, heart failure, or even death.

                      The latter two outcomes are rare, but “it’s really hard to give accurate percentages,” says Chokshi. Doctors typically see cases of viral myocarditis only when they fall into the third group, and severe symptoms warrant MRIs and other diagnostic tests. “We don’t do MRIs on everyone who has the flu, so we don’t know how many have inflammation or what their long-term outcomes are,” says Martha Gulati, the cardiology chief at the University of Arizona. For example, in two small pilot studies, Checchia found signs of heart damage in 40 and 55 percent of children who were hospitalized with RSV—a common respiratory virus. “On discharge, they seemed perfectly fine,” he says. “But we couldn’t get funding to look at them months or years down the line.”

                      Much more: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/a...rditis/616420/
                      • Coronavirus Cases: 31,328,042

                      Deaths: 966,205

                      Underreported US death count: 204,167

                      US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

                      World War I - 116,516
                      Vietnam War - 58,209
                      American Revolutionary War – 8,000
                      Iraq War - 4,576
                      War in Afghanistan - 2,216
                      911 Casualties – 2,977

                      Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

                      Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
                      it's been blown way out of proportion.
                      Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                      Comment


                      • The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I was about 40 million: estimates range from around 15 to 22 million deaths[1] and about 23 million wounded military personnel, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.
                        116,516 dead seppos

                        Vietnam war casualties
                        Total deaths: 1,353,000
                        58,290 dead seppos

                        Iraq war casualties
                        109,032 deaths including 66,081 civilian deaths.
                        4,576 dead seppos.

                        Afghanistan War Casualties
                        Est. 200,000~
                        2,216 dead seppos
                        Dont get sick of me just yet, for I will be here for quite a while

                        Comment


                        • Thailand - Energy giants make adjustments to cope with the new normal post-Covid-19

                          Energy organisations have modified their operations for the ‘new normal’, after Covid-19 changed the situation in Thai energy sector.

                          The virus outbreak led to a nationwide lockdown, slashing oil and electricity usage by around 20 and 10 per cent, respectively. Moreover, total backup electricity that time increased to around 37 to 40 per cent of normal level.

                          This situation had huge ramifications for the energy sector of the country, prompting relevant organisations to improve themselves to survive in the post-coronavirus era.

                          The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand said that it had created a digital power plant and digital substation to assure quality electricity service to the people.

                          PTT has implemented its 4R strategy to tackle the situation in the oil market, which was affected by Covid-19.

                          The 4Rs stand for resilience, restart, reimagination, and reform. The main idea behind this strategy consisted of managing the finances amid the crisis, to resume its operations to normal level as fast as possible, to replan its business structure to serve future situations, and to improve PTT's organisational structure.

                          Buranin Rattanasombat, PTT senior executive vice president of downstream business group alignment holding, added that his organisation has applied artificial intelligence in its operations.

                          He explained that this technology had been brought to save the cost of synergy, while, in trading, it was for trade matching, estimating a balance of demand and supply.

                          Global Power Synergy said that Covid-19 had increased the usage of renewable energy in the system, predicting that this kind of energy would be more in demand in the future.

                          Therefore, the company has constructed plants for semi-solid flow battery in Rayong’s Maptaphut Industrial Terminal.

                          Sirimet Leepagorn, the executive vice president of corporate strategy and subsidiary management, explained that this project would create stability for more renewable energy produced in future.

                          He added that these plants would reduce the construction of electricity-generating plants and at the same time back up energy in the system.: https://www.nationthailand.com/news/...ernal_referral

                          Originally posted by Somchai Boonporn View Post
                          Perhaps a blessing in disguise for the Golden Land.


                          Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                          Comment


                            • Addiction to opioids and tobacco increases risk for COVID-19, study finds

                            People with substance use disorder — especially involving opioids or tobacco — are at a significantly higher risk for contracting COVID-19. What’s more, they also are more likely to develop a serious case of the virus and die, a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health has found.

                            The study, conducted by researchers at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio’s MetroHealth System, and the National Institute on Drug Abuse, looked at data from more than 73 million patients, focusing on people diagnosed with both substance use disorder and COVID-19.

                            They found that people diagnosed with substance use disorder in the last year were significantly more likely to develop COVID-19 than someone without a recent diagnosis, and that people diagnosed with a substance use disorder at some point in their lives were also at a higher risk than people without the disorder.

                            People with opioid use disorder, followed by tobacco use disorder, were at a particularly high risk, according to the study, which was published last week in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.

                            “The most severe association comes for opioid use disorder specifically,” said Nora Volkow, the director of the National Institute for Drug Abuse and one of the study authors.

                            “If you have an opioid use disorder, even after adjusting for compounding factors like ethnicity, age and gender, you are 10 times more likely [to contract COVID]. With tobacco, you are eight times more likely,” she said.

                            Both social and biological factors play into this heightened risk, Volkow said. Tobacco’s damage to the lungs makes it easier for smokers to contract the virus. Opioids depress the respiratory system, she noted, and researchers believe this makes opioid users more vulnerable.: https://www.inquirer.com/health/opio...-20200921.html

                            Just for fun.
                            • CDC Adds Breathing to Ways Coronavirus Spreads

                            As the United States nears 200,000 deaths from COVID-19, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines to add breathing to the most common ways the coronavirus is spread by an infected person.

                            The U.S. has nearly 6.8 million cases of COVID-19, according to Johns Hopkins University data late Sunday.

                            An update Friday to the CDC website says there is growing evidence that small airborne coronavirus particles are produced when someone coughs, sneezes, sings, talks or breathes and can remain in the air to be breathed in by others, allowing an infection.

                            “These particles can be inhaled into the nose, mouth, airways, and lungs and cause infection. This is thought to be the main way the virus spreads,” the CDC website says.

                            They can also travel farther than 6 feet, for example when someone sings or exercises.

                            There is also updated information from the CDC about how to protect yourself. The CDC’s advice has been to stay 2 meters away from someone, wash your hands and disinfect surfaces often, and wear a face mask.: https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pan...avirus-spreads
                            • Oh wait. Change of heart - CDC Abruptly Yanks Long-Awaited Guidance That COVID Spreads Via Air

                            After briefly acknowledging that the virus which causes COVID-19 spreads via the air, the Centers for Disease Control abruptly took down the post.: https://talkingpointsmemo.com/muckra...preads-via-air
                            • Coronavirus Cases: 31,418,716

                            Deaths: 967,636

                            Underreported US death count: 204,323

                            US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

                            World War I - 116,516
                            Vietnam War - 58,209
                            American Revolutionary War – 8,000
                            Iraq War - 4,576
                            War in Afghanistan - 2,216
                            911 Casualties – 2,977

                            Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

                            Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
                            it's been blown way out of proportion.

                            Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                            Comment


                            • Coronavirus Cases: 31,488,661

                              Deaths: 969,362

                              Underreported US death count: 204,506

                              US conflicts and 911 Casualties………

                              World War I - 116,516
                              Vietnam War - 58,209
                              American Revolutionary War – 8,000
                              Iraq War - 4,576
                              War in Afghanistan - 2,216
                              911 Casualties – 2,977

                              Total US Casualties in the conflicts above and 911 Casualties: 192,494

                              Originally posted by Boon Mee View Post
                              it's been blown way out of proportion.

                              Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                              Comment


                              • Thailand - LPG price for household use to be frozen until year end

                                Thailand’s Energy Policy Committee (EPC) has decided to freeze the retail price of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for household use for three months, in order to ease the financial burden on people during the COVID-19 pandemic.

                                The committee also ordered the Energy Business Regulator to revise the forecast profits of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), the Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) and the Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) vis-à-vis their investments, noting that their 5-6% forecast profit margins may no longer be relevant in the current economic situation.

                                The Office of Energy Policy and Planning and EGAT were also instructed to maintain generation capacity at levels which support a reduction of energy production costs.

                                The EPC also approved the new calculation of the ex-factory B7 high-speed diesel price, which will cut the it by 0.051 baht/litre and encourage oil traders to increase the use of palm oil in the production of B10 bio-diesel, which will help oil palm farmers.

                                The ex-factory price of LPG for household use is 14.37 baht/kg, excluding VAT, or 318 baht per 15kg tank.

                                The 3 month price freeze for will cost about 10 billion baht, to be subsidized by the Oil Fund.: https://www.thaipbsworld.com/lpg-pri...ntil-year-end/

                                Originally posted by Somchai Boonporn View Post
                                Perhaps a blessing in disguise for the Golden Land.

                                Keep your friends close and your enemies closer

                                Comment

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