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Labor Laws in Thailand

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  • Labor Laws in Thailand

    Alien Employment Act B.E. 2521 (1978) (Department of Employment)
    Alien Employment Act was enacted to control alien employment and the issuance of work permits to aliens and to reserve certain occupations for the Thai labour force. According to this Act, aliens of the following 3 categories are qualified to apply for work permits:

    Alien who resides in the Kingdom of Thailand or is allowed temporary stay in the kingdom, but not as a tourist or a transit traveller.
    Alien who is allowed to work in the Kingdom according to the investment promotion laws or other laws.
    Alien who has been deported but is allowed to work in certain location in replacement of deportation or while awaiting deportation; alien who has illegal entry into the kingdom or is awaiting a forced transfer out of the Kingdom; and alien who was borned in the kingdom but not granted Thai nationality or was denaturalized, is eligible to work in 27 occupations as stipulated in the Ministerial Announcement.

    Employment and Job Seeker Protection Act B.E. 2528 (1985) (Department of Employment)

    Skill Development Promotion Act B.E. 2545 (2002) (Department of Skill Development)

    Labour Relations Act B.E. 2518 (1975) (Department of Labour Protection and Welfare)
    Download Labour Relations Act ]

    Labour Protection Act B.E. 2541 (1998) (Department of Labour Protection and Welfare)
    Labour protection law is concerning the rights and duties of employers and employees. It primarily establishes minimum standard practices in general labour force utilization, women and child labour utilization, remuneration, severance, and Employee Welfare Fund. It prescribes also the interventions by government officials in providing protection to labours so as to ensure fairness and sound occupational health for the maximum benefit of both employers and employees, which will ultimately be beneficial for the national development.
    [ Download Labour Protection Act ]

    State Enterprise Labour Relations Act B.E. 2543 (2000) (Department of Labour Protection and Welfare)
    State Enterprise Labour Relations Act]

    Social Security Act B.E. 2533 (1980) (Social Security Office)
    This Act requires the collection of contributions paid by employers, employees, and the government for use in providing protection and welfare in respect of non-work related injury or sickness or invalidity or death, or maternity or child allowance or old-age, or unemployment to employees who are insured persons. The consolidated rates of contributions from 3 parties are not to exceed the following limits: 4.5% of wage for injury, sickness, invalidity, death, and maternity benefits; 9% of wage for child welfare and old-age benefits; 15% of wage for unemployment benefits. All insured persons will be entitled to receive different benefits, including medical services and conpensatory wage for incapacitated period, maternity allowance and child allowance, funeral allowance and survisor allowance in case of death, and pension benefit for old-age. In respect of unemployment, when deemed appropriate, a Royal Decree is to be enacted for enforcing the execution of this benefit and compliance by all concerned.

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